St. Peter’s Basilica

Even in France, where it’s considered an American invention, this kind of mani is called “la French. Now luckily with all the new nail advances, it’s easy to score a salonworthy mani right in the comfort of your own home. Pick up a French manicure kit at your local beauty supply store for longer-lasting color, try a gel nail one , or invest in some sheer pink and white polish to easily do it yourself. After you’ve got the necessary items, it’s really not much more difficult than painting your nails. To make it super-simple, we’ve provided simple steps for everyone to follow. Trim your nails Start by trimming your nails to the desired length. Make sure all of them are even. When it comes to the French manicure, the longer they are, the better. Then grab a nail file and get to work.

How to Identify the Age of Furniture by the Nails

This is the first place in the world that you can get this album. Space is limited but the event will be broadcasted live on Facebook at 6pm central time. Reported by sweeterthan at A post on the official band facebook page says:

Nails provide one of the best clues to help determine the age of historic buildings, especially those constructed during the nineteenth century, when nail-making technology advanced rapidly.

History does not record who it was, but the incredible results of that inspirational moment are all around us – in the houses we live in, the bridges we cross, the furniture we sit on. Nails have been around for a long time. As soon as man discovered that heating iron ore could form metal, the ideas for shaping it quickly followed. Any sizeable Roman fortress would have its ‘fabrica’ or workshop where the blacksmiths would fashion the metal items needed by the army.

They left behind 7 tons of nails at the fortress of Inchtuthil in Perthshire. For nail making, iron ore was heated with carbon to form a dense spongy mass of metal which was then fashioned into the shape of square rods and left to cool. The metal produced was wrought iron. After re-heating the rod in a forge, the blacksmith would cut off a nail length and hammer all four sides of the softened end to form a point.

Nails for Historical Archaeologists

Nails as clues to ageBy Mark Chervenka Nails as clues to age Most everyone knows that handmade nails are older than machine made nails. But could you identify a handmade nail if you saw one? And could you separate an old nail from a reproduction nail? In addition to looking at how old nails were made, this article will also discuss how to examine nail holes, rust left by nails plus where, how and why specific types and shapes of nails were used.

How nails work Nails, modern or antique, are able to be used as fasteners because of the cellular structure of wood on the microscopic level. As a nail is driven into wood, the tip of the nail pushes apart or crushes wood cells in its path Fig.

Nails as clues to age. Cross sections of pre nails are generally square; shanks from are rectangular; modern shanks are round. The earliest forged nails are identified by their irregular shanks and hammer marks on both shanks and heads. When viewed from above, early round heads have a meandering outline that is anything but.

I’ve always preferred film to digital. I started with Kodak disposables, graduated to a 35mm point and shoot, and worked my way up to my first instant camera, the Polaroid i-Zone remember those?! But it wasn’t until post-MySpace era that I rediscovered my love for prints and got a Polaroid By this time, Polaroid cameras and film were already going extinct, and the search for reasonably priced packs was getting slimmer with every year.

It was also around this time when Fujifilm Instax cameras were regaining popularity as an alternative to vintage Polaroids, and I got the Fujifilm Instax Though the original instant camera has resurfaced since, I’ve stuck with Fuji over the years; at first for easily accessible and affordable film, and now, for its small size.

Now, with so many Fuji Instax cameras to choose from, it’s difficult to decide on just one. To help you out, I’ve tested one of the most popular varieties, the Instax Mini 9 , against the newest addition to the Fuji family, the Instax Square SQ10 , to help you figure out which one’s best for you. Instax Mini 9 Size: What I love most about the Mini 9 is that it’s lightweight and can easily be taken on the go in a small backpack. Despite its small size and reasonable price point, it can take beautiful photos when used correctly.

It produces clear, quality prints that still maintain enough grain to give that Polaroid feel. Getting used to how the camera photographs in terms of lighting requires a bit of a learning curve.

How to Grow Long Bright Nails

Machine Cut Nails and Wire Nails: Scandinavian Economic History Review 17 1: American Steel and Wire Company n. American Home 37 6: The Iron Age

Nails are a fantastic way to determine the age of a site you plan to metal detect. This guide can give you some ideas of your site’s history.

Today, the most distinctive symbol of Roman Catholicism is the crucifix an image of Christ crucified on a cross , while Protestant Christians usually prefer to use a cross without the figure the “corpus” – Latin for “body” of Christ. History of crucifixion Pre-Roman States Punishment by crucifixion was widely employed in ancient times. In the sense of impalement, it was used from very early on in Ancient Egypt [6] and Assyria. Crucifixion, in one form or another, was also used by Achaemenid Persia, the Greeks, Carthaginians, Macedonians and from very early times Rome.

There is evidence that captured pirates were crucified in the port of Athens around the 6th century B. Some historians have also conjectured that Alexander crucified Callisthenes, his official historian and biographer, for objecting to Alexander’s adoption of the Persian ceremony of royal adoration. In Carthage, crucifixion was an established mode of execution, which could even be imposed on a general for suffering a major defeat.

The birds above and the dogs below would dispose of the remains.

One more step

There are certain things in life I meander through: But, for the most part, I rush everything. I barrel through food shopping, so I always get home and realize I forgot the milk a-fucking-gain. And, most damningly, I surge through relationships. Advertisement This pace served me well with my three serious boyfriends: In fact, DTR barely happened at all.

Feb 03,  · Items 1, 3, 4, and 5: appear to be forged rose head square nails, dating from the 18th through early 19th Century. Item 2 & 6: appear to be machine cut square nails, dating from about the mid 19th Century through early 20th Century. Item 7: appears to be a tack, similar to those used in furniture of the 18th through 19th Century. Item 8: appears to be some type of fastening pin.

Don’t worry — your e-mail address is totally secure. I promise to use it only to send you Clock Collecting Tips. There are so many styles and types of clocks, made by so many clock makers and from so many countries, that I was totally lost. Over many years, I have learned a lot. I have concentrated on the American clock companies for my collection, so there is much for me to learn about clocks from outside the US.

The question I get most from the comment form on this web site is: Some people will see a clock at an antique store that would look good in a certain room of their house, and end up with it that way. However you might end up with your special clock, you probably would like to identify, date and generally learn more about it. This clock forum page may be able to help. You can post your clock here for other visitors to see. If these visitors have knowledge of your clock, they can post comments about it here.

Also, if I know anything about your clock, I will also post a comment for you.

Nails for Historical Archaeologists

Instrument of Jesus’ crucifixion The gibbet on which crucifixion was carried out could be of many shapes. Josephus describes several tortures and positions of crucifixion during the Siege of Jerusalem as Titus crucified the rebels; [1] and Seneca the Younger recounts: Frequently, however, there was a cross-piece attached either at the top to give the shape of a T crux commissa or just below the top, as in the form most familiar in Christian symbolism crux immissa.

It is a graffito found in a taberna hostel for wayfarers in Puteoli, dating to the time of Trajan or Hadrian late 1st century to early 2nd century AD. Lucian speaks of Prometheus as crucified “above the ravine with his hands outstretched” and explains that the letter T the Greek letter tau was looked upon as an unlucky letter or sign similar to the way the number thirteen is looked upon today as an unlucky number , saying that the letter got its “evil significance” because of the “evil instrument” which had that shape, an instrument on which tyrants crucified people.

Hand-hammered nails, dating from the s or earlier, leave a square hole with an irregular impression at the top from a hammered head. Cut nails leave a more rectangular hole and around or.

Clues to a Building’s History Thomas D. Visser Hand-wrought nail, before circa Type A cut nail, circa s s Type B cut nail, circa s s Wire nail, circa s to present Nails provide one of the best clues to help determine the age of historic buildings, especially those constructed during the nineteenth century, when nail-making technology advanced rapidly. Until the last decade of the s and the early s, hand-wrought nails typically fastened the sheathing and roof boards on building frames. These nails were made one by one by a blacksmith or nailor from square iron rod.

After heating the rod in a forge, the nailor would hammer all four sides of the softened end to form a point. The pointed nail rod was reheated and cut off. Then the nail maker would insert the hot nail into a hole in a nail header or anvil and form a head with several glancing blows of the hammer. The most common shape was the rosehead; however, broad “butterfly” heads and narrow L-heads also were crafted. L-head nails were popular for finish work, trim boards, and flooring. Between the s and the early s, various machines were invented in the United States for making nails from bars of iron.

How I File & Shape My Nails

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